Volume 20, Issue 4 (2018)                   MJMS 2018, 20(4): 67-76 | Back to browse issues page

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Sadeghipour H, Fanaei H, Halvaei I, Sedighi Gilani M A, Hajati F, Kasaeian A. Evaluation of the relationship between anti-Müllerian hormone, inhibin-b, testosterone, and semen parameters in cryptorchidism patients. MJMS. 2018; 20 (4) :67-76
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-30-6781-en.html
1- (گروه فیزیولوژی) دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران
2- Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
3- Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- Department of Anatomical sciences, Faculty of Medical sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
6- Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1773 Views)
Objective: Cryptorchidism is the most common deficiency of the male reproductive system and most prevalent endocrine disease of boys at birth. Insufficient prenatal anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) secretion from Sertoli cells of the testis is one of its causes. The role of this hormone and inhibin B in fertility has recently been proven. AMH is a known indicator of Sertoli cell function. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between anti-Müllerian hormone, inhibin B, testosterone, and semen parameters in post-pubertal cryptorchidism patients. Methods: We gathered the data of this cross-sectional study from blood and semen samples of 20 patients who had a history of unilateral cryptorchidism. Patients, 20-40 years of age, referred to the Urology Ward of Shariati Hospital, Tehran, Iran. Serum levels of AMH, inhibin B and testosterone were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Semen analysis was performed by means of a computer aided semen analysis system 6.5.0. Pearson’s correlation test was used to evaluate the relationships between variables. Result: Significant positive relationships were existed between total sperm motility and sperm concentration (r=0.086; p<0.01), total motility and fast progressive motility (r=0.97; p<0.01), sperm concentration and fast progressive motility (r=0.9; p<0.01), white blood cell count and sperm concentration (r=0.63; p<0.05), white blood cell count and sperm motility (r=0.66; p<0.05), white blood cell count and sperm fast progressive motility (r=0.77; p<0.01), and testosterone levels and serum AMH (r=0.6; p<0.01). Conclusion: Cryptorchidism patients in this study had lower serum concentrations of AMH, inhibin B and testosterone than the normal limits. Despite the positive correlation between serum testosterone and AMH, none of the investigated hormones showed any significant relationship with semen parameters.
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Article Type: Original Manuscipt | Subject: Physiology
Received: 2017/06/23 | Accepted: 2017/11/8 | Published: 2017/12/22

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