Volume 12, Issue 2 (2009)                   mjms 2009, 12(2): 83-92 | Back to browse issues page

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Larrie Baghal S M, Mousavi Gargari S L, Rasooli I. Antibody production against enterobacteriacea using recombinant Ferric Enterobactin protein (FepA). mjms. 2009; 12 (2) :83-92
URL: http://mjms.modares.ac.ir/article-30-9123-en.html
1- Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
2- Professor, Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran, P.O.Code: 3319118651
Abstract:   (4141 Views)
Objective: Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium. E coli O157:H7 is an enterohemorrhagic (EHEC) strain of the bacterium Escherichia coli and a cause of foodborne illness. Infection often leads to bloody diarrhea by producing a toxin called Shiga toxin, which damages the intestines, and occasionally leads to kidney failure, especially in young children and elderly people. A 2241 bp fepA gene of E.coli O157:H7 codes for production of a ferric enterobactin binding membrane protein that is essential for iron uptake by the bacterium. Inhibition of iron uptake can protect invasion of host by the bacterium. In this study we attempted to evaluate immunogenicity of the membrane protein, FepA. Materials and Methods: In order to produce recombinant FepA protein, the genomic, fepA gene of 2241 bp long was amplified by PCR from E coli O157:H7. The PCR product was ligated to pET28a. The recombinant protein was then expressed in E. coli BL21DE3 by IPTG induction. SDS-PAGE analysis was carried out and the recombinant protein was purified by Ni-NTA affinity chromatography. The purified recombinant protein was injected to Balb/C mice in order to induce immunity. Antibody titer was determined by ELISA. Results: The recombinant protein of 85 KD was produced and purified. Immunogenicity of the recombinant protein was determined by injecting Balb/C mice. The antibody produced therein could efficiently recognize and bind ferric enterobactin binding protein, thus heaving mice tolerance of 106LD50. Conclusion: With a view to the significant recognition by the antibody of ferric enterobactin binding protein, the notion of its application in restriction of enterobacteriacea propagation could be feasible.
Keywords: FepA, Iron, .E coli O157:H7
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Received: 1901/12/14 | Accepted: 1901/12/14

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