Volume 10 - پاییز و زمستان86-                   mjms 2008, 10 - پاییز و زمستان86-: 0-0 | Back to browse issues page


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1- Department of Biology, Islamic Azad University-Science and Research Campus, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of BCG, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Karaj, Iran
3- Department of Molecular Medicine, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of Genetics, School of Basic Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
5- Department of Cell Bank, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (5794 Views)
Objective: β-thalassemia is caused by absence or reduction of β-globin chain synthesis. One of the effective therapeutic methods for this disease can be gene therapy by viral vectors. The capacity of lentiviral vectors is approximately 8 kb, we designed a 6 kb construct containing mini LCR and β-globin gene instead of LCR region. The aim of this study is to make a recombinant lentiviruses containing miniLCR and β-globin gene for transfer to the target cells for gene therapy of β-thalassemia. Materials and Methods: HS2, HS3, HS4 segments (mini LCR) and β-globin gene with 5΄ and 3΄ UTR were amplified from the genomic DNA of a normal individual by PCR. Each segment was cloned in pTZ57R/T vector and then sub cloned first into the pBGGT vector and finally into the pLenti-Dest vector. Final transfer vector and the three helper packaging plasmids (Plp1, Plp2, Plp/VSVG) were cotransfected into 293T packaging cells using lipofectamine 2000. Harvested viruses were confirmed by RT-PCR on extracted RNA of these recombinant lentiviruses. Results: The titer of lentiviral stock determined in a K562 cell line and compared with COS-7 cell line. The titer in both cell lines was the same. Optimum MOI for COS-7 cell line was 5 and when polybrene was used transduction increased by 2 fold. The remaining transduced COS-7 colonies were expanded and DNA was extracted. By PCR, random integration of construct into the genome was evaluated. Conclusion: The produced lentiviruses can be an appropriate means for effective transfer of the designed construct into dividing and non-dividing cells such as hematopoetic stem cells for transplantation of beta thalassemia patients. Efficiency of transduction by leniviruses is more than the gene targeting technique. Also units of HS2, HS3 and HS4 regions in mini LCR and selection of larger HS3 unit may increase the expression of beta globin gene.
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Received: 2007/11/1 | Accepted: 2007/11/1

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