Volume 18, Issue 2 (2015)                   mjms 2015, 18(2): 69-73 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghiasvand S, Rahbarizadeh F, Sadeghizadeh M. Identification of Novel Targeting Peptides for PC3 Cells by the Screening of a Phage Display Peptide Library. mjms. 2015; 18 (2) :69-73
URL: http://mjms.modares.ac.ir/article-30-12127-en.html
1- Department of Genetics, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Medical Biotechnology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (8999 Views)
Objective: Prostate cancer is the second cause of cancer-associated death in men. In recent years, targeted therapy for cancer has attracted the attention of researchers. Targeted therapy leads to a decrease in drug adverse effects. Studies indicate that targeting peptides for cancer cells represent valuable tools for diagnostics and therapeutics. Recently, phage display peptide libraries have been used to identify target peptides to a variety of cancer cells. In the current study, we aim to isolate peptides that target PC3 cells (human prostate adenocarcinoma cells). Methods: Four rounds of subtractive panning on control cells that included 5637 (bladder), Huh-7 (liver), SW480 (colon), AGS (stomach) and human fibroblast normal in addition to four rounds of positive panning on PC3 (target cell) were performed. Polyclonal phage ELISA was used to evaluate the process of enrichment during biopanning. Subsequently, phage clones were randomly selected from titer plates, amplified by plaque-PCR, and their genomic DNA was sequenced. We conducted bioinformatic analysis for further characterization of the isolated peptides. Results: Several rounds of panning resulted in the enrichment of a number of peptides. The results of polyclonal phage ELISA indicated that the biopanning process was successful. In silico analysis showed the presence of several consensus amino acid motifs in the peptides. Conclusion: The peptides identified through biopanning can be considered as potential specific binders to PC3 cells. Peptides with specificity binding to target cells can be used for targeted gene and drug delivery to malignant tumor cells. Further analyses of these peptides are required to show their capacity for targeted delivery of various genes and drugs into prostate cancer cells.
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Article Type: Original Manuscipt | Subject: Genetics
Received: 2014/12/24 | Accepted: 2015/01/14

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