Volume 23, Issue 2 (2020)                   mjms 2020, 23(2): 85-90 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Heidarianpour A, Ghani Yaganah F. Effect of 12 Weeks of Combined Exercise Training on Oxidative Stress and Antioxidants Balance in Smoker's Football Players. mjms. 2020; 23 (2) :85-90
URL: http://mjms.modares.ac.ir/article-30-41980-en.html
1- Sport Physiology Department, Sport Sciences Faculty, Bu Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran , heidarian317@gmail.com
2- Sport Physiology Department, Sport Sciences Faculty, Bu Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
Abstract:   (977 Views)
Aims: Smokers are exposed to significant quantities of oxidative factors. The exercise has been shown to increase activation of antioxidant enzymes and reduce the production of free radicals in the body. Therefore, the present study was investigated the effect of 12 weeks of combined training on oxidative stress and antioxidants capacity in smoker's football players.
Materials & Methods: 22 smoker's football players with normal weight and the average age of 23.9±1.9 years were randomly divided into two experimental and control groups. The experimental group submitted to combine training including aerobic and resistance exercise (3 sessions per week) for 12 weeks. Antioxidant indicators (catalase and superoxide dismutase) and lipid peroxidation indicator (malondialdehyde) were measured 48 hours before and after protocol at least 8 hours of fasting. Dependent t-test was used to investigate the differences within the group data, and independent t-test was applied to investigate intergroup differences. The significance level was p≤0.05.
Findings: 12 weeks of combined training (aerobic and resistance) was caused respectively significant increase and decrease amounts of enzymes CAT and SOD as antioxidant indicators and MDA as lipid peroxidation indicators in smoker's football players (p≤0.05).
Conclusion: Combined exercise training (aerobic and resistance) likely by increase antioxidant capacity and decrease lipid peroxidation indicators eliminates the oxidative stress in smoker's football players.
Full-Text [PDF 423 kb]   (325 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Clinical Biochemistry
Received: 2020/04/11 | Accepted: 2020/06/29

1. Haghighi A, Darijani A, Hamedinia M. The impact of an exhaustive aerobic exercise with two different intensities on the serum MDA in male smokers. J Biol Sci Sport. 2011;(9):95-112. [Persian] [Link]
2. Yoshie Y, Ohshima H. Synergistic induction of DNA strand breakage by cigarette tar and nitric oxide. Carcinogenesis. 1997;18(7):1359-63. [Link] [DOI:10.1093/carcin/18.7.1359]
3. Madani A, Alack K, Richter MJ, Krüger K. Immune-regulating effects of exercise on cigarette smoke-induced inflammation. J Inflamm Res. 2018;11:155-67. [Link] [DOI:10.2147/JIR.S141149]
4. Nazeri S, Hedayati M, Ahmadvand H. Measurement of antioxidant capacity in serum and activity of catalase and superoxide dismutase smokers compared with nonsmokers. J Lorestan Univ Med Sci. 2013;15(3):70-5. [Persian] [Link]
5. Sariri R, Damirchi A, Nazari Y. Salivary antioxidant variations in athletes after intense exercise. Medicina Sportiva. 2013;9(1):2043-50. [Link]
6. Balakrishnan SD, Anuradha CV. Exercise, depletion of antioxidants and antioxidant manipulation. Cell Biochem Funct. 1998;16(4):269-75. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-0844(1998120)16:4<269::AID-CBF797>3.0.CO;2-B [Link] [DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1099-0844(1998120)16:43.0.CO;2-B]
7. Ugras AF. Effect of high intensity interval training on elite athletes' antioxidant status. Sci Sports. 2013;28(5):253-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.scispo.2012.04.009]
8. Gomez-Cabrera MC, Domenech E, Viña J. Moderate exercise is an antioxidant: Upregulation of antioxidant genes by training. Free Radic Biol Med. 2008;44(2):126-31. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2007.02.001]
9. Baun WB, Baun MR, Raven PB. A nomogram for the estimate of percent body fat from generalized equations. Res Q Exerc Sport. 1981;52(3):380-4. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/02701367.1981.10607885]
10. Brzycki MA. A practical approach to strength training. Shadeland: Blue River Press; 1995. [Link]
11. Bolann BJ, Ulvik RJ. Improvement of a direct spectrophotometric assay for routine determination of superoxide dismutase activity. Clin Chem. 1991;37(11):1993-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1093/clinchem/37.11.1993]
12. Goth L. A simple method for determination of serum catalase activity and revision of reference range. Clinica Chimica Acta. 1991;196(2-3):143-51. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/0009-8981(91)90067-M]
13. Armstrong D, Browne R. The analysis of free radicals, lipid peroxides, antioxidant enzymes and compounds related to oxidative stress as applied to the clinical chemistry laboratory. In: Armstrong D, editor. Free radicals in diagnostic medicine. New York: Plenum Press; 1994. pp. 43-58. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4615-1833-4_4]
14. Nikander R, Sievänen H, Ojala K, Oivanen T, Kellokumpu-Lehtinen PL, Saarto T. Effect of a vigorous aerobic regimen on physical performance in breast cancer patients-a randomized controlled pilot trial. Acta Oncologica. 2007;46(2):181-6. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/02841860600833145]
15. Ribeiro-Samora GA, Rabelo LA, Ferreira AC, Favero M, Guedes GS, Pereira LS, et al. Inflammation and oxidative stress in heart failure: Effects of exercise intensity and duration. Braz J Med Biol Res. 2017;50(9):e6393. [Link] [DOI:10.1590/1414-431x20176393]
16. Koubaa A, Triki M, Trabelsi H, Masmoudi L, Sahnoun Z, Hakim A. Changes in antioxidant defense capability and lipid profile after 12-week low-intensity continuous training in both cigarette and hookah smokers: A follow-up study. PLoS One. 2015;10(6):e0130563. [Link] [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0130563]
17. Gaeini A, arbab G, Kurdi M, ghorbani P. Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant system response to exercise extreme elite soccer players. J Hormozgan Univ Med Sci. 2013;17(1):23-9. [Persian] [Link]
18. Bayat Chadegani E, Fallahzadeh H, Askari G, Rahavi R, Maghsoudi Z, Nadjarzadeh A. The effect of pomegranate juice supplementation on muscle damage, oxidative stress and inflammation induced by exercise in healthy young men. J Isfahan Univ Med Sci. 2014;32(320):2464-72. [Persian] [Link]
19. Farzangi P, Mohammadi Rishsefid N, Habibian M, Jafari H. The effect of omega-3s on oxidative stress in men's professional karate. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2012;22(91):70-78. [Persian] [Link]
20. Jackson MJ, Edwards RT, Symons MC. Electron spin resonance studies of intact mammalian skeletal muscle. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)- Molecular Cell Research. 1985;847(2):185-90. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/0167-4889(85)90019-9]
21. González D, Marquina R, Rondón N, Rodríguez-Malaver AJ, Reyes R. Effects of aerobic exercise on uric acid, total antioxidant activity, oxidative stress, and nitric oxide in human saliva. Res Sports Med. 2008;16(2):128-37. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/15438620802103700]
22. Arazi H, Taati B, Rafati Sajedi F, Suzuki K. Salivary antioxidants status following progressive aerobic exercise: What are the differences between waterpipe smokers and non-smokers?. Antioxidants. 2019;8(10):418. [Link] [DOI:10.3390/antiox8100418]
23. Fakoori Joibari M, Farzangi P, Barari A. The effect of 8 weeks of aerobic training with peroxidation and antioxidant supplementation in women with purslane index of type 2 diabetes. J Shahid Sadoughi Univ Med Sci. 2014;22(1): 928-39. [Persian] [Link]
24. Taito S, Domen S, Sekikawa K, Kamikawa N, Oura K, Kimura T, et al. Cigarette smoking does not induce plasma or pulmonary oxidative stress after moderate-intensity exercise. J Phys Ther Sci. 2014;26(3):413-5. [Link] [DOI:10.1589/jpts.26.413]
25. Nikolaidis MG, Kyparos A, Hadziioannou M, Panou N, Samaras L, Jamurtas AZ, et al. Acute exercise markedly increases blood oxidative stress in boys and girls. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2007;32(2):197-205. [Link] [DOI:10.1139/h06-097]
26. Ghadimi A, Sariri R, Aryapour H, Erfani A, Nosratabadi F. Variations in biological activity of salivary enzymes of smokers. J Mol Cell. 2014;27(1):125-35. [Persian] [Link]
27. Abdolsamadi HR, Goodarzi MT, Mortazavi H, Robati M, Ahmadi-Motemaye F. Comparison of salivary antioxidants in healthy smoking and non-smoking men. Chang Gung Med J. 2011;34(6):607-11. [Link]
28. Menegali BT, Nesi RT, Souza PS, Silva LA, Silveira PC, Valença SS, et al. The effects of physical exercise on the cigarette smoke-induced pulmonary oxidative response. Pulm Pharmacol Ther. 2009;22(6):567-73. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.pupt.2009.08.003]
29. Modir M, Daryanoosh F, Firouzmand H, Jafari H, Khanzadeh M. Short and medium-term effects of increasingly vigorous aerobic exercise on serum levels of superoxide dismutase and catalase Rats. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci. 2014;16(3):24-30. [Persian] [Link]

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.