Volume 20, Issue 3 (2017)                   Pathobiol Res 2017, 20(3): 17-32 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Bojnourd Branch of Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd, Iran
2- Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
3- Department of Sports Sciences, Toos Institute of Higher Education, Mashhad, Iran, Mashhad
Abstract:   (7489 Views)
Objective: Diabetes is one of the most common glandular diseases worldwide. Diabetics suffer more than other individuals from eye, nerve, and cardiovascular problems, in addition to renal insufficiency. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of eight weeks of aerobic interval exercise on omentin-1, resistin, and adiponectin in elderly men with type II diabetes.
Methods: This semi-experimental study was conducted in Bojnourd, Iran in 1395. The study enrolled 24 overweight male patients with type II diabetes mellitus by the convenience sampling method. Patients were randomized to two groups: experimental (n=12) and control (n=12). The experimental group participated in 8 weeks of interval aerobic training (5 days/week at 30-45 min duration with 65%-70% HRR per session). Data were analyzed with the paired sample t-test and MANOVA for comparison of means within and between groups, respectively. The level of significance was set at p≤0.05.
Results: Omentin-1 and adiponectin increased significantly, whereas we observed significantly reduced resistin and HbA1c levels (p<0.05). The average differences in the omentin-1, adiponectin, resistin, and HbA1c levels between the two groups showed statistical significance (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The eight weeks of aerobic interval training led to significantly decreased resistin and HbA1c levels, along with significantly increased omentin-1 and adiponectin levels in men with type 2 diabetes. Good health could be maintained with a proper exercise protocol in these patients. We recommend that new and variety training protocols, especially in elderly and vulnerable people should be investigated.
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Article Type: Original Manuscipt | Subject: Physiology
Received: 2017/07/8 | Accepted: 2017/10/23 | Published: 2017/10/25